Rwanda is an undiscovered incredibly beautiful country with ever changing landscapes that offer outstanding flora and fauna and spectacular scenery. Misty, moody rain-forest in the south gives rise to lushly forested volcanoes and bamboo in the north. Dugout canoes ply the tranquil waters of Lake Kivu in the west and undulating grass plains of Akagera in the east are interspersed with light acacia woodlands. Rwanda has 3 Major National Parks as described here by Deluxe safaris Uganda
VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK
Volcanoes National Park lies in northwestern Rwanda and borders Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda. The national park is known as a haven for the mountain gorilla. It is home to five of the eight volcanoes of the Virunga Mountains namely Karisimbi, Bisoke, Muhabura, Gahinga and Sabyinyo, which are covered in rainforest and bamboo. The park was the base for the zoologist Dian Fossey.
The park was first gazetted in 1925, as a small area bounded by Karisimbi, Bisoke and Mikeno, intended to protect the gorillas from poachers. In 1929, the borders of the park were extended further into Rwanda and into (now) Democratic Republic of Congo to form the Albert National Park, a huge area of 8090 km² which in 1960 was split into Virunga and Volcanoes national parks after both countries attained independence.
The park has diverse vegetation that is dominated by bamboo forests and lobelia. Secondary thicket, meadows, marshes, swamps and small lakes also occur but their total area is relatively Small.The Park is best known for the Mountain Gorillas but is also home for golden monkeys, black-fronted duiker, buffalo, Spotted Hyena and bushbuck. There are 178 recorded bird species, with at least 13 species and 16 subspecies endemic to the Virunga and Rwenzori Mountains. The most prominent tourism activities in volcanoes national park include Gorilla trekking, mountain hiking, nature walks, visiting the Grave of Dial Fossey, Golden monkey tracking and birding.
NYUNGWE FOREST NATIONAL PARK
Nyungwe Forest National Park was established in 2004 and covers an area of approximately 970 km² of rainforest, bamboo, grassland, swamps, and bogs. It is located in southwestern Rwanda at the border with Burundi to the south: and Lake Kivu and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Nyungwe rainforest is probably the best preserved montane rainforest in Central Africa. From the east side of the Nyungwe forest comes also one of the branches of River Nile sources.
Nyungwe forest national park is a priority for conservation in Africa because it is situated in a region where several large-scale bio geographical zones meet and the variety of terrestrial biomes provides a great span of microhabitats for many different species of plants and animals.
The park contains 13 different primate species, 275 bird species, 1,068 plant species, 85 mammal species, 32 amphibian and 38 reptile species. Many of these animals are restricted-range species that are only found in the Albertine Rift montane forests eco region in Africa.
The park offers numerous tourism activities which include fascinating canopy walks, nature walks, golden monkey trekking, mountain hiking and birding.
AKAGERA NATIONAL PARK
Akagera National Park is a low-lying savannah reserve in the east of Rwanda on the border with Tanzania that covers area of 1,122 Square Kilometres. It was founded in 1934 to animals and vegetation in three Eco-regions; Savanna, Mountain and Swamp. Akagera NP is Rwanda’s only savannah reserve and is a big-5 destination after the recent reintroductions of lion and black rhino. Other animals include elephant, buffalo, giraffe and hippo. In terms of pure wildlife viewing, the park is very scenic and the birdlife is particularly rewarding. Known as one of the most scenic savannahs in East Africa, the game drive in Akagera provides you with the opportunity to view gentle hills blending beautifully with lowland swamps and water bodies. It has a good selection of game and bird life.